What is the weave of a fabric?
It is the method and technique by which the warp and weft threads of a fabric produced on a loom are intertwined. The basic weaves are 3:taffetas (or canvas ), the spine (diagonal or twill) and the satin (satin).The weave is done in advance on squared graph paper:each square represents an intersection between the weft threads and the warp threads ; each row of squares in the vertical sense represents a warp thread and each row of horizontal squares represents a weft thread. The loom is prepared by passing the warp threads through the healds stitches.
The movement of the heddles is loom controlled by a design also called armor. When the design or weave shows full squares, they indicate the passage of the warp thread over the weft thread, thus obtaining a binding point of the fabric (chain or doff effect), while the passage of the weft thread over the warp thread is indicated with a empty square (textured or lowered effect). The warp can be read from left to right and the weft from bottom to top. In all weaves the"ratio"must be determined, that is the minimum number of warp and weft threads necessary to represent the weave of the fabric; this relationship is repeated for the entire extent of the fabric.